STRESS is already a part of daily living. You may never know it but you are
already affected by this issue. You shout at your kids or nag your partner about
something. You seem to raise an issue out of a particular event even if it is
not true. You also tend to be suspicious at some points. All these are due to
Scientifically, stress is a state of high tension or pressure, resulting from an
accident or injury or a psychological reaction of heightened emotional response.
Certain occupations are particularly stressful, such as acting, advertising,
controlling air traffic, politics, investing and gambling. As an effect of
stressful emotions such as panic attacks, fear and anger, the blood pressure
rises, the pulse beats faster, breathing is accelerated, digestion stops, and
the adrenal glands become overactive.
MAJOR FACTS FOR STRESS:
1. It can be caused by many factors. Fear and anxiety are the greatest causes of
psychological stress. In modern times people are constantly beset by the threat
of calamities. They fear depression and inflation, unemployment, cancer and
heart failure, missiles and bombs and famine. At home they may be confronted
with marital incompatibility, quarrels, family illness, or financial troubles.
2. It can also cause something. Many illnesses are caused by mental stress,
including ulcers, spastic constipation, diarrhea, high blood pressure and
migraine headaches. Sometimes latent mental disorders are precipitated by
stressful circumstances, as in the case of manic-depressive psychosis,
schizophrenia, hysteria and neurasthenia.
3. It can worsen through time. When a person is subjected to repeated stresses,
she is likely to develop what people call nervous breakdown, an unscientific but
expressive term. The stress produced by the problems of everyday living has led
to the widespread use of tranquilizers, a last resort when there seems to be no
escape from a difficult situation.
4. It happens in daily living. Stress exists in almost every human activity and
is not the same as nerve tension. Some stress is beneficial since it may
5. It can be lessened through healthy intimate relationships. Psychiatrists also
found out that for the avoidance of excessive stress being married is better
than being divorced or single.
6. There are major stressful events connected to it. Studies also showed that
the death of a child is the most stressful of any life’s events. Other items
include a jail sentence, major financial problems, divorce and the beginning of
an extra-marital affair. Some of the environmental factors that may be related
to stress are the status of health, the social class, and the size of the
7. There are also some stresses that cannot be controlled. Too much stress can
show itself in various emotional, behavioral and physical signs, and the signs
of stress differ extremely according to each individual.
Usual Physical, Emotional and Behavioral Signs of Stress:
The physical indications of stress include sleep interruptions, tense muscles,
annoyance, gastrointestinal problem, and exhaustion. Its emotional and
behavioral indications consist of apprehension, fear, alterations in eating
practices, depleted energy, and mood swings. All of the symptoms given cannot
tell whether a person has an elevated stress level because these indications may
be due to other medical or mental problems.
It is also a fact that persons in stress are most likely to maintain harmful
activities like drug and alcohol addiction, excessive cigarette smoking, and
poor eating habits. These harmful activities can extremely add to the severity
of the indications connected to stress.
Remember that all people may be prone to stress – no matter what age you are
in and no matter what status of life you have. The extent may vary also
depending on how you take up the challenge that goes with it. If you have a
support system with you, it is easy to do away with the situation. But at the
worse, it may only lead you to panic attacks.